Question: Which Of The Following Is A Rule-Based Expert System Used In Medical Diagnosis?

Which is a rule-based expert system used in medical diagnosis?

A rule-based expert system is developed to diagnose Malaria, Typhoid Fever, Cholera, Tuberculosis, and Breast Cancer. The proposed Medical Expert System (MES) contains forty six (46) rules to effectively diagnose the diseases.

What is a rule-based expert system?

A rule-based expert system is the simplest form of artificial intelligence and uses prescribed knowledge-based rules to solve a problem 1. The aim of the expert system is to take knowledge from a human expert and convert this into a number of hardcoded rules to apply to the input data.

How expert system is used in medical profession?

Expert systems have applications in different areas of medicine. A variety of medical expert systems tools are available and can function as intelligent assistants to clinicians, helping in diagnostic processes, laboratory analysis, treatment protocol, and teaching of medical students and residents.

Is an example of an expert system used in healthcare?

Medical Expert Systems Diagnostic expert-based systems are computer systems that seek to emulate the diagnostic decision-making ability of human experts. Some notable systems include Mycin for infectious diseases, and Internist-1, QMR and DXplain for general internal medicine.

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What are examples of expert systems?

Examples of Expert Systems

  • MYCIN: It was based on backward chaining and could identify various bacteria that could cause acute infections.
  • DENDRAL: Expert system used for chemical analysis to predict molecular structure.
  • PXDES: An Example of Expert System used to predict the degree and type of lung cancer.

Is ATM an expert system?

Expert Systems are machines that think and reason as an expert would in a particular domain. A common banking example of an Expert System is an ATM machine – it emulates the actions that an expert in particular domain (in this instance, a bank teller) would perform when faced with a client requesting a cash withdrawal.

Which is the benefit of the rule based expert system?

The advantages are mentioned as follows: Availability: Availability of the system for the user is not an issue. Cost efficient: This system is cost efficient and accurate in terms of its end result. Speed: You can optimize the system as you know all the parts of the system.

What do you mean by expert system?

An expert system is a computer program that uses artificial intelligence (AI) technologies to simulate the judgment and behavior of a human or an organization that has expert knowledge and experience in a particular field.

Are expert system only found in medicine?

Expert systems, knowledge based systems, and decision-support systems are currently used in almost any field of medicine.

Who is an expert in medicine?

Medical expert witnesses are physicians, nurses, surgeons or other licensed practitioners whose skills and experience qualify them to testify on a particular medical area. In personal injury and medical malpractice lawsuits, attorneys often utilize medical expert witnesses during both the discovery and trial stages.

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Why expert systems are useful to doctors?

At present, the expert systems constitute the area of application of AI with greater success in the world of medicine. The use of advanced tools such as expert systems increases productivity and decision-making efficiency, which is essential for solving problems when experts have doubts or are not present.

Which is an example of a medical diagnosis?

A medical diagnosis deals with disease or medical condition. A nursing diagnosis deals with human response to actual or potential health problems and life processes. For example, a medical diagnosis of Cerebrovascular Attack (CVA or Stroke) provides information about the patient’s pathology.

Is a medical diagnosis expert system?

A Diagnosis expert system (DExS) can help a great deal in identifying those diseases and describing methods of treatment to be carried out taking into account the user capability in order to deal and interact with expert system easily and clearly.

What are the problems faced in expert systems?

Not surprisingly, expert systems have run into a significant problem: they are brittle. When faced with a problem which bends the rules, they are unable to cope. They fail because they are not grounded in cases. They are unable to fall back on the details of their experience, find a similar case, and apply it.

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