Which Model Would Be Preferred For College Level Students?

Which Model Would Be Preferred For College Level Students
SDLC and different models of SDLC – MCQs – 1. In waterfall model, output of one phase is input to next phase. True or false. a) True b) False View Answer / Hide Answer ANSWER: a) True Comment: The output of requirement gathering is creation of URS (User requirement specification) document which is input to analysis phase.2.

Which of the following is not a phase of SDLC? a) Requirement gathering b) Maintenance c) Analysis d) Testing e) All of the above View Answer / Hide Answer ANSWER: e) All of the above 3. Testing objective is different for each phase of life cycle activity. True or false. a) True b) False View Answer / Hide Answer ANSWER: a) True Comment: Main objective of development testing is to find as many as failures so defects can be identified and fixed while objective of acceptance testing is to confirm software works as expected.4.

Testing approach changes based on the life cycle applied for development of a software. True or False. a) True b) False View Answer / Hide Answer ANSWER: a) True Comment: Based on software development life cycle model, what,when, how testing is done can be changed.5.

  • Selection of particular life cycle model is based on, a) Requirements b) Technical knowledge of development team c) Users d) Project types and associated risks e) All of the above View Answer / Hide Answer ANSWER: e) All of the above 6.
  • Regression testing is a major part of which of the life cycle? a) Waterfall model b) V model c) Iterative model d) All of the above View Answer / Hide Answer ANSWER: c) Iterative model Comment: In iterative model, delivery is divided into increments.

So, regression testing is increasingly important on all iteration after first one.7. Which of the following are advantages of iterative model? a) Early revenue generation b) Simpler to manage c) Divided workload d) Early feedback e) All the above View Answer / Hide Answer 8.

  1. In incremental model, requirements do not need to be prioritize.
  2. True or false a) True b) false View Answer / Hide Answer ANSWER: b) false Comment : In incremental model, requirements are prioritized and delivered in the same order so that early market presence can be achieved.9.
  3. Which of the following are incremental developmental models? 1.

Prototyping 2. V model 3. Rapid Action Development (RAD) 4. Agile development 5. Rational Unified Process (RUP) 6. Waterfall model a) 1,2,4 b) 1,3,4,5 c) 1,2,3,4,5 d) All of the above View Answer / Hide Answer ANSWER: b) 1,3,4,5 Comment: 2, 6 are sequential models.10.

Which model would be performed for college level students to develop a software?

Code & Fix model prefered for college level students to develop software – SDLC.Q.

In which one of the following SDLC model testing activities are spread over the entire development life cycle?

Agile Model Agile methodology is a practice which promotes continues interaction of development and testing during the SDLC process of any project.

Which of the following are advantages of iterative model?

Home » Management Information System » MIS MCQ MIS Iterative Model MCQ: This section contains the Multiple-Choice Questions & Answers on Iterative Model with explanations. Submitted by IncludeHelp, on May 24, 2021 1. Validation is responsibility of,

Quality Assurance Team Developer Tester Designer

Answer: C) Tester Explanation: Validation is responsibility of a Tester.2. Which one is an Iterative Model? Answer: B) Explanation: The iterative process begins with a basic implementation of a small set of software specifications and progresses by iteratively improving the developing versions until the entire framework is implemented and ready to be deployed.3. Which of the following are advantages of iterative model?

To iterate the phases to find the missing necessity Simpler to manage Early feedback All of the mentioned above

Answer: D) All of the mentioned above Explanation: An iterative model is used to iterate the phases to find the missing necessity; it is Simpler to manage and gives early feedback.4. Iterative model starts with some of the software specifications and develops the _ version of the software.

First Second Third Fourth

Answer: A) First Explanation: Iterative model starts with the software specifications and develop the first version of the software. After the first version if there is a need to change the software, then a new version of the software is created with a new iteration.5. An Iterative model allows the _ earlier phases.

Storing Accessing Uploading None of the mentioned above

Answer: B) Accessing Explanation: An Iterative Model helps you to go back to previous stages and see how the changes were made. At the end of a Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) phase, the project’s final performance was renewed.6. Once planning is complete, a _ is performed to nail down the appropriate business logic.

Coding Implementation Analysis None of the mentioned above

Answer: B) Implementation Explanation: Once planning is complete, an analysis is performed to nail down the appropriate business logic, database models, and the like that will be required at this stage in the project.7. At each iteration, _ modifications are made and new functional capabilities are added.

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Design Analysis Implementation None of the mentioned above

Answer: B) Analysis Explanation: Design changes are made and new functional features are introduced with each iteration. The basic concept behind this approach is to construct a system in small chunks over time by repeating cycles (iterative).8. After completing the coding phase, system _ starts using different test methods.

Testing Design Analysis All of the mentioned above

Answer: A) Testing Explanation: After completing the coding phase, system testing starts using different test methods.9. Iterative Model should be used when,

The system project is large Requirements are defined clearly and easy to understand There is a requirement of changes in future All of the mentioned above

Answer: D) All of the mentioned above Explanation: Iterative Model should be used when the system project is large; requirements are defined clearly and easy to understand and there is a requirement of changes in future.

Which of the following model put more emphasis on testing?

Q. Which of the following model put much more emphasis on testing?
B. agile model
C. spiral model
D. v-v model
Answer» d. v-v model

Which model of SDLC is popular for students small projects?

SDLC Model: Big Bang – Description: Done with little-to-no planning, the Big Bang model focuses on all types of coding and development types, implementing requirements as they are discovered. Because it does not follow a set process and is a high-risk model, the Big Bang is best for small projects with only one or two engineers.

What is spiral model explain?

The spiral model is a systems development lifecycle ( SDLC ) method used for risk management that combines the iterative development process model with elements of the Waterfall model. The spiral model is used by software engineers and is favored for large, expensive and complicated projects. Spiral model example The spiral model enables gradual releases and refinement of a product through each phase of the spiral as well as the ability to build prototypes at each phase. The most important feature of the model is its ability to manage unknown risks after the project has commenced; creating a prototype makes this feasible.

Which SDLC model is best and why?

Agile Model – Which Model Would Be Preferred For College Level Students Source The answer to the question “which SDLC model is the best?” is Agile. The Agile model is a combination of an incremental and iterative approach and is focussed on fitting in well with flexible requirements. The project requirements and the solutions in Agile projects keep evolving during the development process making it one of the best SDLC methodology for business.

In an agile method of software development, the project is divided into small subparts and is delivered in iterations. The subtasks are divided into time frames to serve working functionality with each build. As a result, the final product has all the required features. In an agile model, the already existing development approach needs to be adapted to every project’s requirements.

Benefits:

Quick development Quality and measurable results Business value can be delivered – demonstrated fast Requires minimum resources Highly adaptive to changing requirements

What are the advantages of spiral model?

The spiral model is similar to the incremental model, with more emphasis placed on risk analysis. The spiral model has four phases: Planning, Risk Analysis, Engineering and Evaluation. A software project repeatedly passes through these phases in iterations (called Spirals in this model). Which Model Would Be Preferred For College Level Students Risk Analysis: In the risk analysis phase, a process is undertaken to identify risk and alternate solutions. A prototype is produced at the end of the risk analysis phase. If any risk is found during the risk analysis then alternate solutions are suggested and implemented.

Engineering Phase: In this phase software is developed, along with testing at the end of the phase. Hence in this phase the development and testing is done. E valuation phase: This phase allows the customer to evaluate the output of the project to date before the project continues to the next spiral.

Diagram of Spiral model: Which Model Would Be Preferred For College Level Students Advantages of Spiral model:

High amount of risk analysis hence, avoidance of Risk is enhanced. Good for large and mission-critical projects. Strong approval and documentation control. Additional Functionality can be added at a later date. Software is produced early in the software life cycle,

Disadvantages of Spiral model:

Can be a costly model to use. Risk analysis requires highly specific expertise. Project’s success is highly dependent on the risk analysis phase. Doesn’t work well for smaller projects.

When to use Spiral model:

When costs and risk evaluation is important For medium to high-risk projects Long-term project commitment unwise because of potential changes to economic priorities Users are unsure of their needs Requirements are complex New product line Significant changes are expected (research and exploration)

When should we use iterative model?

When to use the Iterative Model? –

When requirements are defined clearly and easy to understand. When the software application is large. When there is a requirement of changes in future.

Where is incremental model used?

In incremental model the whole requirement is divided into various builds. Multiple development cycles take place here, making the life cycle a “multi-waterfall” cycle, Cycles are divided up into smaller, more easily managed modules. Incremental model is a type of software development model like V-model, Agile model etc.

In this model, each module passes through the requirements, design, implementation and testing phases. A working version of software is produced during the first module, so you have working software early on during the software life cycle, Each subsequent release of the module adds function to the previous release.

The process continues till the complete system is achieved. For example: In the diagram above when we work incrementally we are adding piece by piece but expect that each piece is fully finished. Thus keep on adding the pieces until it’s complete. As in the image above a person has thought of the application. Which Model Would Be Preferred For College Level Students Then he started building it and in the first iteration the first module of the application or product is totally ready and can be demoed to the customers. Likewise in the second iteration the other module is ready and integrated with the first module. Which Model Would Be Preferred For College Level Students Advantages of Incremental model:

  • Generates working software quickly and early during the software life cycle.
  • This model is more flexible – less costly to change scope and requirements.
  • It is easier to test and debug during a smaller iteration.
  • In this model customer can respond to each built.
  • Lowers initial delivery cost.
  • Easier to manage risk because risky pieces are identified and handled during it’d iteration.
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Disadvantages of Incremental model:

  • Needs good planning and design.
  • Needs a clear and complete definition of the whole system before it can be broken down and built incrementally.
  • Total cost is higher than waterfall,

When to use the Incremental model:

  • This model can be used when the requirements of the complete system are clearly defined and understood.
  • Major requirements must be defined; however, some details can evolve with time.
  • There is a need to get a product to the market early.
  • A new technology is being used
  • Resources with needed skill set are not available
  • There are some high risk features and goals.

Some other models that you must read about:

  1. Waterfall model
  2. V model
  3. RAD model
  4. Agile model
  5. Iterative model
  6. Spiral model
  7. Prototype model

What is the difference between incremental model and iterative model?

Iterative development – Iterative development is when teams gradually build up the features and functions but don’t wait until each of these is complete before releasing. They release a basic version of each feature and the add to that feature in subsequent iterative releases, usually based on feedback from the basic version released.

  • Example: Ecommerce website Assume a team building the same ecommerce website using an iterative process.
  • The first release has a really stripped back version of all the required functionality; namely search, product information, a shopping basket, checkout, favourites, and customer reviews.
  • For the second iterative release, the team would improve some of the existing basic functionality, taking into account feedback from stakeholders or customer, or other inputs such as analytics.

On every subsequent iterative release, new ideas and requirements are added or low value/usage areas may be removed.

How many types of testing models are there?

Testing is an integral part of software development life cycle. Various models or approaches are used in the software development process where each model has its own advantages and disadvantages. Choosing a particular model depends on the project deliverables and complexity of the project. Now Let us go through the various software testing models and their benefits: 1. Waterfall Model This is the most basic software development life cycle process which is followed broadly in the industry. Here the developers follow a sequence of processes where the processes flow progressively downwards towards the ultimate goal.

It is like a waterfall where there are a number of phases. These phases have their own unique functions and goals. There are, in fact, four phases – requirement gathering and analysis phase, software design, programmed implementation and testing, maintenance. All these four phases come one after another in the given order.

In the first phase all the possible system requirements for developing a particular software are noted and analyzed. This in turn depends on the software requirement specifications which includes detailed information about expectations of the end user.

Based on this a Requirement Specification. Document is created which acts an input to the next phase, i.e. software design phase. What needs to be emphasized here is that once you move into the next phase it won’t be possible to update the requirements. So you must be very thorough and careful about the end-user requirements.

Advantages

Easy to implement and maintain. The initial phase of rigorous scrutiny of requirements and systems helps in saving time later in the developmental phase The requirement of resources is minimal and testing is done after completion of each phase.

Disadvantages

It is not possible to alter or update requirements You cannot make changes once you are into the next phase. Cannot start the next phase until the previous phase is completed

2. V Model This model is widely recognized as superior to waterfall model. Here the development and test execution activities are carried on side by side in the downhill and uphill shape. In this model, testing starts at the unit level and spreads towards integration of the entire system. Which Model Would Be Preferred For College Level Students So, SDLC is divided into five phases – unit testing, integration testing, regression testing, system testing and acceptance testing.

For which of the following reason is the waterfall model not suitable?

1) Methods associated with a design class should be focused on accomplishing one service for the class. A) High cohesion B) Low coupling C) Primitiveness D) None of the above View Answer / Hide Answer 2) What is a characteristic that greatly reduces the effort required to extend the design of an existing object-oriented system.

A) Polymorphism B) Inheritance C) Messages D) None of the above View Answer / Hide Answer 3) SDLC and STLC two different aspects of software development process? A) Yes B) No View Answer / Hide Answer 4) How many types of Prototype models are there? A) 2 B) 3 C) 5 D) 4 View Answer / Hide Answer 5) SDLC spiral Model includes the iterative nature of the prototyping model and the linear nature of the waterfall model.

A) True B) False View Answer / Hide Answer 6) What are some possible problems with waterfall model? 1) Waterfall model is not suitable for multiple module projects.2) It does not support the feasibility of considering requirement specifications.3) It requires too much time to complete each stage.4) There can be a few bugs at the end which cannot be rectified as well.

A) 1,3 and 4 B) 2,3 and 4 C) 1,2 and 3 D) All mentioned above View Answer / Hide Answer ANSWER: D) All mentioned above 7) Which model is one of the different models implemented under Software Development life cycle. A) Iterative model B) Waterfall model C) Spiral model D) prototype model View Answer / Hide Answer 8) Waterfall model is suitable for? a) The software Project is limited to the development of mainframe based/transaction oriented batch system.

b) The Complete Project is very large, costly and too much complicated. c) The project objectives and solutions are clear. A) True B) False View Answer / Hide Answer 9) Is it possible to build a software project without sdlc models? A) Yes B) No View Answer / Hide Answer 10) The architecture is not the operational software it is just a representation that enables a software engineer to.

  • A) Analyze the effectiveness of the design.
  • B) Consider architectural alternatives.
  • C) Reduces the risks.
  • D) All mentioned above.
  • View Answer / Hide Answer ANSWER: D) All mentioned above.11) In architectural patterns which application is used to handle multiple tasks in a manner that stimulates parallelism.
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A) Persistance B ) Distribution C) Concurrency D) None of the above View Answer / Hide Answer 12) Command labeling is not a common design issue. A) True B) False View Answer / Hide Answer 13) Which model depicts the profile of the end users of a computer system.

A) Spiral model B) Iterative model C) Waterfall model D) User model View Answer / Hide Answer 14) In an object oriented testing strategy the focus of testing is a class. A) Yes B) No View Answer / Hide Answer 15) Software is tested to cover the errors that were made inadvertently as it was designed and constructed.

A) True B) False View Answer / Hide Answer 16) System size is a metric for the analysis model. A) True B) False View Answer / Hide Answer 17)First level of Prototype is evaluated by.

What is code and fix model?

The code and fix model probably is the most frequently used development methodology in software engineering. It starts with little or no initial planning. You immediately start developing, fixing problems as they occur, until the project is complete.

Which model in software engineering provide the demo implementation of the system?

This set of Computer Fundamentals Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on “Waterfall Model”.1. A model that is the demo implementation of the system. a) waterfall b) prototype c) incremental d) agile View Answer Answer: b Explanation: Prototype is the demo implementation so that the customer gets a brief idea of his product.

  • It is generally used when the customer requirements are not clear.2.
  • Maintenance is the final phase in waterfall model.
  • A) True b) False View Answer Answer: a Explanation: The statement is true.
  • This is the phase in which the completed software product is handed over to the client.3.
  • A stage in which individual components are integrated and ensured that they are error-free to meet customer requirements.

a) Coding b) Testing c) Design d) Implementation View Answer Answer: b Explanation: Hardware and software components are tested individually. Testing stage in which individual components are integrated and ensured that they are error-free to meet customer requirements.4.

  • Is a step in which design is translated into machine-readable form.
  • A) Design b) Conversion c) Debugging d) Coding View Answer Answer: d Explanation: Coding is the step in which design in translated into machine-readable form.
  • If design is efficient, coding can be done effectively.5.
  • The customer requirements are broken down into logical modules for ease of _ a) inheritance b) design c) editing d) implementation View Answer Answer: d Explanation: The requirements are broken down for ease of implementation.

Hardware and software requirements are identified and designed accordingly.6. What do you call a technical person who is capable of understanding the basic requirements? a) team leader b) analyst c) engineer d) stakeholder View Answer Answer: b Explanation: The person is called an analyst.

An analyst is a software engineering who is responsible for requirements gathering.7. A step in waterfall model that involves a meeting with the customer to understand the requirements. a) Requirement Gathering b) SRS c) Implementation d) Customer review View Answer Answer: a Explanation: A waterfall model involves requirement gathering as its first step.

This is the most important phase. It is important to understand the customer requirements.8. Methodology in which project management processes were step-by step. a) Incremental b) Waterfall c) Spiral d) Prototyping View Answer Answer: b Explanation: Waterfall model is based on step-by step completion of the project.

  1. Every step is done individually.9.
  2. An individual who plans and directs the work.
  3. A) Stakeholder b) Project manager c) Team leader d) Programmer View Answer Answer: b Explanation: Project planner is the one who plans and designs the project.
  4. Team leader is the one who provides guidance, instruction, direction and leadership to a group of individuals.10.

A planned program if work that requires a definitive amount of time, effort and planning to complete. a) Problem b) Project c) Process d) Program View Answer Answer: b Explanation: The answer is Project.

Which of the following is the first step in Software Development Life Cycle SDLC )?

What is the first step in the Software Development Life Cycle? – The first phase of SDLC is requirement analysis. The first phase includes collection of all the data from the customer. This includes the expectations of the customer. An understanding of what the product is, who the target audience are, why the product is being built is considered.

  • Once the requirements are gathered, they are analysed.
  • An analysis of how feasible the creation will be is made.
  • Any further ambiguity is discussed.
  • Once the requirement is understood clearly and the analysis made, the SRS (Software Requirement Specification), is created.
  • This document is for the benefit of both the software developers and the customer.

It can be referred to by both parties for convenience.

What is the full form of SDLC in computer?

Definition – The Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is a structured process that enables the production of high-quality, low-cost software, in the shortest possible production time. The goal of the SDLC is to produce superior software that meets and exceeds all customer expectations and demands.

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